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Hageman Factor Deficiency
Hagemoser Weinstein Bresnick syndrome
Hailey-Hailey disease
Hair defect with photosensitivity and mental retardation
Hairy cell leukemia
Hairy ears
Hairy ears, y-linked
Hairy nose tip
Hairy palms and soles
Hairy tongue
Hajdu Cheney Syndrome
Halal Setton Wang syndrome
Halal syndrome
Hall Riggs mental retardation syndrome
Hallermann Streiff syndrome
Hallervorden-Spatz disease
Hallux valgus
Hamanishi Ueba Tsuji syndrome
Hamano Tsukamoto syndrome
Hamartoma sebaceus of Jadassohn
Hand and foot deformity flat facies
Hand Foot Mouth Syndrome
Hand foot uterus syndrome
Hand wringing Rett syndrome
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
Hanhart Syndrome
Hantavirosis
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
Hapnes Boman Skeie syndrome
Hard skin syndrome Parana type
HARD syndrome
Harding ataxia
Harlequin type ichthyosis
Harpaxophobia
Harrod Doman Keele syndrome
Hartnup Disease
Hartsfield Bixler Demyer syndrome
Hashimoto struma
Hashimoto-Pritzker syndrome
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
Haspeslagh Fryns Muelenaere syndrome
Hay Wells syndrome recessive type
Hay-Wells Syndrome
Headache, Cluster
Hearing disorder
Hearing impairment
Hearing loss
Heart aneurysm
Heart block
Heart block progressive, familial
Heart Block, Congenital
Heart defect round face congenital retarded development
Heart defect tongue hamartoma polysyndactyly
Heart defects limb shortening
Heart hand syndrome Spanish type
Heart hypertrophy, hereditary
Heart situs anomaly
Heart tumor of the adult
Heart tumor of the child
Heavy Metal Poisoning
Hec syndrome
Hecht Scott syndrome
Heckenlively syndrome
Heide syndrome
Heliophobia
HELLP syndrome
Helmerhorst Heaton Crossen syndrome
Helminthiasis
HEM dysplasia
Hemangioblastoma
Hemangioendothelioma
Hemangioma
Hemangioma Thrombocytopenia Syndrome
Hemangioma, capillary infantile
Hemangiomatosis, familial pulmonary capillary
Hemangiopericytoma
Hematuria, Benign, Familial
Hemeralopia, congenital essential
Hemeralopia, familial
Hemi 3 syndrome
Hemifacial atrophy agenesis of the caudate nucleus
Hemifacial atrophy progressive
Hemifacial hyperplasia strabismus
Hemifacial microsomia
Hemihypertrophy in context of NF
Hemihypertrophy intestinal web corneal opacity
Hemimegalencephaly
Hemiplegia
Hemiplegic migraine, familial
Hemochromatosis, Hereditary
Hemoglobin C disease
Hemoglobin E disease
Hemoglobin SC disease
Hemoglobinopathy
Hemoglobinuria
Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal Cold
Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal Nocturnal
Hemolytic anemia lethal genital anomalies
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
Hemophagocytic reticulosis
Hemophilia
Hemophilia A
Hemophilic arthropathy
Hemophobia
Hemorragic fever with renal syndrome
Hemorrhagic fever
Hemorrhagic proctocolitis
Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia, Hereditary
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Hemorrhagiparous thrombocytic dystrophy
Hemosiderosis
Hemothorax
Hennekam Beemer syndrome
Hennekam Koss de Geest syndrome
Hennekam syndrome
Hennekam Van der Horst syndrome
Hepadnovirus D
Heparane sulfamidase deficiency
Heparin-induced thrombopenia
Hepatic cystic hamartoma
Hepatic ductular hypoplasia
Hepatic encephalopathy
Hepatic fibrosis
Hepatic fibrosis renal cysts mental retardation
Hepatic Fibrosis, Congenital
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Hepatic veno-occlusive disease
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
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Hepatitis C
Hepatitis D
Hepatitis non-A
Hepatitis non-A non-B
Hepatitis non-B
Hepatitis, chronic autoimmune
Hepatitis, Neonatal
Hepatoblastoma
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Hepatorenal Syndrome
Hepatorenal tyrosinemia
Hereditary amyloidosis
Hereditary angioedema
Hereditary ataxia
Hereditary carnitine deficiency
Hereditary carnitine deficiency myopathy
Hereditary carnitine deficiency syndrome
Hereditary ceroid lipofuscinosis
Hereditary coproporphyria
Hereditary deafness
Hereditary elliptocytosis
Hereditary fructose intolerance
Hereditary hearing disorder
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Hereditary hemochromatosis
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Hereditary hyperuricemia
Hereditary macrothrombocytopenia
Hereditary methemoglobinemia, recessive
Hereditary myopathy with intranuclear filamentous
Hereditary nodular heterotopia
Hereditary non-spherocytic hemolytic anemia
Hereditary pancreatitis
Hereditary paroxysmal cerebral ataxia
Hereditary peripheral nervous disorder
Hereditary primary Fanconi disease
Hereditary resistance to anti-vitamin K
Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy 3
Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy 4
Hereditary sensory neuropathy type I
Hereditary sensory neuropathy type II
Hereditary spastic paraplegia
Hereditary spherocytic hemolytic anemia
Hereditary spherocytosis
Hereditary type 1 neuropathy
Hereditary type 2 neuropathy
Hermansky Pudlak Syndrome
Hermaphroditism, True
Hernandez Aguire Negrete syndrome
Herpangina
Herpes encephalitis
Herpes simplex disease
Herpes simplex encephalitis
Herpes viridae disease
Herpes virus antenatal infection
Herpes zoster
Herpes zoster oticus
Herpes, Neonatal
Herpesvirus simiae B virus
Herpetic embryopathy
Herpetic keratitis
Herpetophobia
Herrmann Opitz arthrogryposis syndrome
Herrmann Opitz craniosynostosis
Hers Disease
Hersh Podruch Weisskopk syndrome
Heterophobia
Heterotaxia (generic term)
Heterotaxia autosomal dominant type
Heterotaxy with polysplenia or asplenia
Heterotaxy, visceral, X-linked
Hexosaminidases A and B deficiency
HHH syndrome
Hibernian fever, familial
Hiccups
Hiccups, Chronic
Hidradenitis Suppurativa
Hidradenitis suppurativa familial
Hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia type Christianson Fouris
High scapula
High-molecular-weight kininogen deficiency, congenital
Hillig syndrome
Hing Torack Dowston syndrome
Hinson-Pepys disease
Hip dislocation
Hip dysplasia
Hip dysplasia Beukes type
Hip luxation
Hip subluxation
Hipo syndrome
Hirschsprung disease ganglioneuroblastoma
Hirschsprung disease polydactyly heart disease
Hirschsprung disease type 2
Hirschsprung disease type 3
Hirschsprung disease type d brachydactyly
Hirschsprung microcephaly cleft palate
Hirschsprung nail hypoplasia dysmorphism
Hirschsprung's Disease
Hirsutism congenital gingival hyperplasia
Hirsutism skeletal dysplasia mental retardation
His bundle tachycardia
Histidinemia
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Histiocytosis X
Histiocytosis, Non-Langerhans-Cell
Histoplasmosis
Hittner Hirsch Kreh syndrome
Hm syndrome
HMG CoA lyase deficiency
HMG CoA synthetase deficiency
Hodgkin lymphoma
Hodgkin's Disease
Hodophobia
Hoepffner Dreyer Reimers syndrome
Hollow visceral myopathy
Holmes Benacerraf syndrome
Holmes Borden syndrome
Holmes Collins syndrome
Holmes Gang syndrome
Holoacardius amorphus
Holocarboxylase synthetase deficiency
Holoprosencephaly
Holoprosencephaly caudal dysgenesis
Holoprosencephaly deletion 2p
Holoprosencephaly ectrodactyly cleft lip palate
Holoprosencephaly radial heart renal anomalies
Holt Oram Syndrome
Holzgreve Wagner Rehder syndrome
Homocarnosinase deficiency
Homocarnosinosis
Homocystinuria
Homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase
Homocystinuria due to defect in methylation (cbl g)
Homocystinuria due to defect in methylation cbl e
Homocystinuria due to defect in methylation, MTHFR deficiency
Homologous wasting disease
Homozygous hypobetalipoproteinemia
Hoon Hall syndrome
Hordnes Engebretsen Knudtson syndrome
Horn Kolb syndrome
Horner's Syndrome
Hornova Dlurosova syndrome
Horseshoe kidney
Horton disease
Horton disease, juvenile
Houlston Ironton Temple syndrome
Howard Young syndrome
Howell-Evans syndrome
Hoyeraal Hreidarsson syndrome
Hoyeraal syndrome
HSV-2 infection
Human Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis (HGE)
Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis (HME)
Human parvovirus B19 infection
Humero spinal dysostosis congenital heart disease
Humeroradial synostosis
Humeroradioulnar synostosis
Humerus trochlea aplasia of
Hunter Carpenter Mc donald syndrome
Hunter Jurenka Thompson syndrome
Hunter Macpherson syndrome
Hunter Mcalpine syndrome
Hunter Mcdonald syndrome
Hunter Rudd Hoffmann syndrome
Hunter Syndrome
Huntington's Disease
Huriez scleroatrophic syndrome
Hurler syndrome
Hurst Hallam Hockey syndrome
Hutchinson Gilford Progeria Syndrome
Hutchinson incisors
Hutchinson-Gilford syndrome
Hutteroth Spranger syndrome
Hyalinosis systemic short stature
Hyaloideoretinal degeneration of wagner
Hydantoin antenatal infection
Hydatidiform mole
Hydatidosis
Hyde Forster Mccarthy Berry syndrome
Hydranencephaly
Hydrocephalus
Hydrocephalus - Arnold Chiari - allied disorders
Hydrocephalus autosomal recessive
Hydrocephalus costovertebral dysplasia Sprengel anomaly
Hydrocephalus craniosynostosis bifid nose
Hydrocephalus endocardial fibroelastosis cataract
Hydrocephalus growth retardation skeletal anomalies
Hydrocephalus obesity hypogonadism
Hydrocephalus skeletal anomalies
Hydrocephaly corpus callosum agenesis diaphragmatic hernia
Hydrocephaly low insertion umbilicus
Hydrocephaly tall stature joint laxity
Hydrolethalus syndrome
Hydronephrosis
Hydronephrosis peculiar facial expression
Hydrophobia
Hydrops ectrodactyly syndactyly
Hydrops fetalis
Hydrops fetalis anemia immune disorder absent thumb
Hydroxycarboxylic aciduria
Hydroxymethylglutaricaciduria
Hygroma cervical
Hymenolepiasis
Hyper IgE
Hyper IgM Syndrome
Hyperadrenalism
Hyperaldosteronism
Hyperaldosteronism familial type 2
Hyperaldosteronism, familial type 1
Hyperammonemia
Hyperandrogenism
Hyperbilirubinemia
Hyperbilirubinemia transient familial neonatal
Hyperbilirubinemia type 1
Hyperbilirubinemia type 2
Hypercalcemia
Hypercalcemia, familial benign
Hypercalcemia, familial benign type 1
Hypercalcemia, familial benign type 2
Hypercalcemia, familial benign type 3
Hypercalcinuria
Hypercalcinuria idiopathic
Hypercalcinuria macular coloboma
Hypercementosis
Hypercholesterolemia
Hypercholesterolemia due to arg3500 mutation of Apo B-100
Hypercholesterolemia due to LDL receptor deficiency
Hyperchylomicronemia
Hyperemesis Gravidarum
Hypereosinophilic syndrome
Hyperexplexia
Hyperferritinemia, hereditary, with congenital cataracts
Hypergeusia
Hyperglycerolemia
Hyperglycinemia
Hyperglycinemia, isolated nonketotic
Hyperglycinemia, isolated nonketotic type 1
Hyperglycinemia, isolated nonketotic type 2
Hypergonadotropic ovarian failure, familial or sporadic
Hyperhidrosis
Hyperhidrosis, Primary
Hyperhomocysteinemia
Hyper-IgD syndrome
Hyperimidodipeptiduria
Hyperimmunoglobinemia D with recurrent fever
Hyperimmunoglobulin E - reccurrent infection syndrome
Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D with periodic fever
Hyperimmunoglobulinemia E
Hyperinsulinism due to focal adenomatous hyperplasia
Hyperinsulinism due to glucokinase deficiency
Hyperinsulinism due to glutamodehydrogenase deficiency
Hyperinsulinism in children, congenital
Hyperinsulinism, diffuse
Hyperinsulinism, focal
Hyperkalemia
Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis
Hyperkeratosis lenticularis perstans
Hyperkeratosis lenticularis perstans of Flegel
Hyperkeratosis palmoplantar localized acanthokeratolytic
Hyperkeratosis palmoplantar localized epidermolytic
Hyperkeratosis palmoplantar with palmar crease hyperkeratosis
Hyperlipoproteinemia
Hyperlipoproteinemia type I
Hyperlipoproteinemia type II
Hyperlipoproteinemia Type III
Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IV
Hyperlipoproteinemia type V
Hyperlysinemia
Hyperornithinemia
Hyperornithinemia-hyperammonemia-homocitrullinuria
Hyperostosid corticalis deformans juvenilis
Hyperostosis cortical infantile
Hyperostosis corticalis generalisata
Hyperostosis Frontalis Interna
Hyperoxaluria
Hyperoxaluria type 1
Hyperoxaluria type 2
Hyperoxaluria, Primary (Type I)
Hyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism, familial, primary
Hyperparathyroidism, neonatal severe primary
Hyperphalangism dysmorphy bronchomalacia
Hyperphenilalaninemia due to pterin-4-alpha-carbin
Hyperphenylalalinemia due to dihydropteridine reductase deficiency
Hyperphenylalaninemia due to 6-pyruvoyltetrahydrop
Hyperphenylalaninemia due to dehydratase deficiency
Hyperphenylalaninemia due to GTP cyclohydrolase deficiency
Hyperphenylalaninemic embryopathy
Hyperpipecolatemia
Hyperprolactinemia
Hyperprolinemia
Hyperprolinemia Type I
Hyperprolinemia Type II
Hyperreflexia
Hyper-reninism
Hypersomnolence
Hypertelorism and tetralogy of Fallot
Hypertelorism hypospadias syndrome
Hypertension
Hypertensive hyperkalemia, familial
Hypertensive hypokalemia familial
Hypertensive retinopathy
Hyperthermia
Hyperthermia induced defects
Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism due to mutations in TSH receptor
Hypertrichosis atrophic skin ectropion macrostomia
Hypertrichosis brachydactyly obesity and mental retardation
Hypertrichosis congenital generalized X linked
Hypertrichosis lanuginosa congenita
Hypertrichosis lanuginosa, acquired
Hypertrichosis retinopathy dysmorphism
Hypertrichosis, anterior cervical
Hypertrichotic osteochondrodysplasia
Hypertriglycidemia
Hypertrophic branchial myopathy
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic hemangiectasia
Hypertrophic myocardiopathy
Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, primary or idiopathic
Hypertropic neuropathy of Dejerine-Sottas
Hypertryptophanemia
Hypoadrenalism
Hypoadrenocorticism hypoparathyroidism moniliasis
Hypoaldosteronism
Hypo-alphalipoproteinemia primary
Hypobetalipoproteinaemia ataxia hearing loss
Hypobetalipoprot?nemia, familial
Hypocalcemia
Hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant
Hypocalcinuric hypercalcemia, familial
Hypocalcinuric hypercalcemia, familial type 1
Hypocalcinuric hypercalcemia, familial type 2
Hypocalcinuric hypercalcemia, familial type 3
Hypochondrogenesis
Hypochondroplasia
Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis
Hypodermyasis
Hypodontia dysplasia of nails
Hypodontia of incisors and premolars
Hypofibrinogenemia, familial
Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia with deficiency of glycogen synthetase in the liver
Hypogonadism
Hypogonadism cardiomyopathy
Hypogonadism hypogonadotropic due to mutations in GR hormone
Hypogonadism male mental retardation skeletal anomaly
Hypogonadism mitral valve prolapse mental retardation
Hypogonadism primary partial alopecia
Hypogonadism retinitis pigmentosa
Hypogonadism, isolated, hypogonadotropic
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism syndactyly
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism without anosmia, X linked
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism-anosmia
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism-anosmia, X linked
Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia
Hypokalemia
Hypokalemic alkalosis with hypercalcinuria
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis
Hypokaliemic periodic paralysis type 1
Hypoketonemic hypoglycemia
Hypolipoproteinemia
Hypomagnesemia primary
Hypomandibular faciocranial dysostosis
Hypomelanosis of Ito
Hypomelanotic disorder
Hypomelia mullerian duct anomalies
Hypomentia
Hypoparathyroidism
Hypoparathyroidism familial isolated
Hypoparathyroidism nerve deafness nephrosis
Hypoparathyroidism short stature
Hypoparathyroidism short stature mental retardation
Hypoparathyroidism X linked
Hypophosphatasia
Hypophosphatasia, infantile
Hypophosphatemia, Familial
Hypophosphatemic rickets
Hypopigmentation oculocerebral syndrome Cross type
Hypopituitarism
Hypopituitarism micropenis cleft lip palate
Hypopituitarism postaxial polydactyly
Hypopituitary dwarfism
Hypoplasia hepatic ductular
Hypoplasia of the tibia with polydactyly
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
Hypoplastic right heart microcephaly
Hypoplastic thumb mullerian aplasia
Hypoplastic thumbs hydranencephaly
Hypoproconvertinemia
Hypoprothrombinemia
Hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism
Hyposmia nasal hypoplasia hypogonadism
Hypospadias familial
Hypospadias mental retardation Goldblatt type
Hypotelorism cleft palate hypospadias
Hypotension, Orthostatic
Hypothalamic dysfunction
Hypothalamic hamartoblastoma syndrome
Hypothalamic hamartomas
Hypothermia
Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism due to iodide transport defect
Hypothyroidism postaxial polydactyly mental retardation
Hypotonia, Benign Congenital
Hypotonic sclerotic muscular dystrophy
Hypotrichosis
Hypotrichosis mental retardation Lopes type
Hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency
Hypoxia

 

 

 

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3 Steps to Identify Supplements that Lack Scientific Evidence for their Reported Benefits
This article shows you a simple but reliable method to identify supplements that do not have scientific support for their alleged benefits.

Step 1: Go to


http://www.pubmed.org


which is a National Library of Medicine (United States) web site where you can search for articles published in peer-reviewed scientific journals.


Why check PubMed? Because the National Library of Medicine carefully selects only high-quality journals that offer value to medical scientists around the world. Selection criteria are detailed on this web page:


http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/factsheets/jsel.html


Step 2: Once on the PubMed web site, search for the generic (scientific) name of the supplement in question. Supplement manufacturers must list the scientific name for their supplement's ingredients on the label and in advertisements. Supplements often contain many ingredients but usually only a few provide the purported benefits. Those are the ingredients you want to evaluate--they are often the same ones the manufacturer highlights in advertisements.


Step 3: This is the step some supplement companies don't want you to know. Before you click on the "Search" button at PubMed.org, limit your search to studies that utilize the right research methodology with the right population.


The right research methodology is a randomized controlled trial (the double-blind, placebo control group design fits under this category) and the right population is human beings.


Specifying human subjects is important because you want to know if the ingredients in a supplement have been shown to produce the advertised benefits in real live human beings--not just in rats pressing levers for food pellets or in a "case study" with one person.


This is not to say that basic science research, which is often conducted initially with animals, is unimportant. On the contrary, such research usually serves as a crucial building block for subsequent clinical research with humans. But basic science research does not provide scientific evidence for a supplement's beneficial health effects on human beings. Only research with human subjects, using randomized controlled trials, can offer such evidence.


On the PubMed.org search page, click on the "Limits" tab located under the "Search" box. You will see a number of drop-down menus. First click on the Publication Type menu and then select Randomized Controlled Trial. Next click on the drop-down menu labeled, Humans or Animals and click on Humans.


An Example


Morinda citrifolia is the scientific name for a popular ingredient in a nutritional supplement. First search on PubMed for Morinda citrifolia, without placing Limits on your search.


How many results did you receive?


The count was 69 at the time I wrote this article. Looks impressive, huh?


But now search for Morinda citrifolia after first placing Limits on the search as described above, so that you receive only those studies which provide more definitive scientific evidence for the positive effects of Morinda citrifolia.


How many journal articles did you find searching with the specified limits? I found 1.


Thus, out of 69 articles found on PubMed.org, only one provides some evidence for Morinda citrifolia's beneficial effects. In addition, those results were obtained with a very specific patient population. Thus, in order to conclude that scientific evidence exists for Morinda citrifolia's efficacy, scientists would need to conduct additional randomized controlled trials with diverse patient populations.


Conclusion


The simple research method described in this article will help you determine if a given supplement possesses sufficient scientific evidence for its purported benefits.
 

About The Author
 

Mark Worthen is a Phi Betta Kappa graduate of the University of Maryland's Honors Psychology program. He was a Clinical Fellow, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School and earned his Doctor of Psychology degree from Baylor University in 1990. Communicate with Dr. Worthen on the Contact page of http://www.Omega-3-Report.com.

Copyright Mark Worthen, Psy.D. - http://www.pubmed.org